|Mokhtar Belmokhtar||Khalid Abu Al Abbès||Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat||Africa North||Algerian||At Large||20071112||Link|
|Alias of Mokhtar Belmokhtar|
|Mokhtar Belmokhtar||Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat||North Africa||Algerian||At Large||20030516|
|Belaouar||Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat||Africa: North||Algerian||At Large||20050613||Link|
|Alias of Mokhtar Belmokhtar|
|Mokhtar Belmokhtar||Salafist Group for Call and Combat||North Africa||20030605|
|Mokhtar Belmokhtar||Salafist Group for Preaching and Fighting||Africa: North||20040620||Link|
|Guard Wounded in Attack on U.N. Personnel in Mali's Capital|
The assailant attempted to set fire to one of the force's vehicles parked in front of the residence housing troops in the city's southeastern Faso Kanu neighborhood around 2:30 am (0230 GMT), the force said in a statement.
Before escaping, he shot and the guard and then opened fire on the building and parked U.N.-marked cars, the statement added.
"MINUSMA condemns in the strongest terms this attack against its staff and property, which constitutes a serious crime under international law," the mission said.
"It calls on the Malian authorities to make every effort to identify those responsible for this act and bring them to justice."
The statement said members of UNMAS, the mission's mine-clearing service, had been dispatched to defuse two un grenades found at the scene.
No one for the attack, but it comes at a time of strained relations between the government and the peacekeeping mission, which complained at the weekend that its impartiality was being "regularly called into question".
Reacting to criticism of the mission by Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, the force lamented that "neither its contribution nor its sacrifices are accorded their proper value".
Keita's broadside came at the end of a speech by , read out in Bamako on Friday by the U.N.'s chief peacekeeper Herve Ladsous, lamenting serious violations of ceasefire agreements "on all sides".
"Have we ever violated the ceasefire? Never," Keita said.
"So then, Mr. Ladsous, it would be appropriate that the United Nations act justly and fairly in this regard," he said, calling for "a little respect for our people".
Yvan Guichaoua, a lecturer at the University of East Anglia in and an expert on the , tweeted in reaction to the attack that Keita's "anti-MINUSMA words last week don't look so wise retrospectively".
He added that, while he didn't think Keita's outburst was responsible for the attack, "continually and publicly running down MINUSMA doesn't help in calming the political climate".
With more than 40 peacekeepers killed since its inception in 2013, MINUSMA is considered the most dangerous U.N. mission in the world.
The country's restive north has been plagued by violence by jihadist groups that seized control of the region from Tuareg rebels before being routed by a French-led international intervention that began in 2013.
A struck a U.N. barracks in the town of Ansongo in April, killing two civilians and wounding nine peacekeepers from Niger in an attack claimed by Algerian jihadist commander Mokhtar Belmokhtar's militia.
Despite peaceful elections after the French operation, the country remains deeply divided and the north has seen an upsurge in attacks by pro-government militias and the Tuareg-led rebellion known as the CMA.
The government and several s signed a peace accord last week in a ceremony in Bamako attended by numerous heads of state but missing the crucial backing of the CMA.
The Algerian-led international mediation team in the said in a statement on Wednesday it was launching a series of consultations in Algiers to establish conditions for the "completion of the signing process".
The team has appointed a group of experts to set out a timetable for the implementation of the agreement, it said.
|Belmokhtar's Jihadist Group in N. Africa Pledges Allegiance to IS|
|[AnNahar] The jihadist group of notorious one-eyed AlgerianMokhtar Belmokhtar has pledged allegiance to the organization, according to an audio recording broadcast by private Mauritanian agency al-Akhbar. |
Belmokhtar's al-Murabitoun group, which is active in north Africa, was linked to al-Qaeda, but the recording attributed to one of its leading members
|Al-Qaida-Linked Jihadists Claim U.N. Suicide Attack in Mali|
|[AnNahar] A jihadist group led by al-Qaeda-linked Mokhtar Belmokhtar has for a deadly on the in Mali, in a recording released Friday by Mauritanian news agency Alakhbar.|
Two and nine peacekeepers from Niger when a set off explosives as he attempted to drive into a camp used by the U.N.'s MINUSMA peacekeeping mission in Ansongo, in the northern region of Gao, on Wednesday.
|MUJAO Jihadists Claim Deadly Red Cross Attack in Mali|
|[AnNahar] An international worker was killed and a local colleague when the aid truck they were driving came under fire in northern Mali on Monday, in an attack claimed by the MUJAO jihadist group.|
A member of the national Mali had been in the attack, but was , it said.
"The ICRC strongly condemns the attack and calls on all parties to the conflict to respect and protect humanitarian workers," the organization said in a statement.
A for the MUJAO group (the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa) said the attack had killed "a driver who worked for the enemy".
"We have achieved what we wanted with this attack," Abou Walid Sahraoui told AFP by phone.
The ICRC staff member, named only as Hamadoun, had been driving a truck from Gao to Niamey in neighboring Niger "to collect much-needed medical equipment for Gao hospital," said Yasmine Praz Dessimoz, head of ICRC's operations for North and West Africa.
ICRC said the exact circumstances of the incident that killed the married father of four remained unclear, but stressed that the truck had been clearly marked with the emblem.
An African military source with the ' MINUSMA mission in Mali said the attack happened between Gao and the town of Ansongo and had been "carefully planned".
"It was carried out by at least six terrorists. Shots were fired," the source said.
Divided into rival armed factions, plagued by drug trafficking and infiltrated by jihadist groups, Mali's desert north has struggled for stability since the west African nation gained independence in 1960.
The ICRC's Praz Dessimoz said the humanitarian situation in northern Mali was "worrying".
"The ICRC is concerned about the rise in violence against humanitarian workers, which is preventing them from coming to the aid of individuals and communities in dire need," she said in the statement.
The MUJAO was one of a number of Islamist militia groups that controlled northern Mali for nearly a year before they were routed and pushed north into the deserts of the Sahara by a French-led offensive in 2013.
Extremist fighters have however continued to stage sporadic attacks in Mali's north.
|Mali hunts jihadist nightclub killers as militants attack UN|
|[Hurriyet Daily News] Police in Mali March 8 hunted for the killers of two Europeans and three Malians in a jihadist attack on a nightclub, as a deadly assault on a UN barracks in the north heightened security concerns.|
Officers in bulletproof vests patrolled the streets of the capital Bamako, where a masked gunman had burst into La Terrase, a popular venue among expats, spraying automatic gunfire and throwing grenades early Saturday.
Al-Murabitoun, a jihadist group run by leading Algerian Mokhtar Belmokhtar, has for the attack, which left a , a Belgian and three Malians dead.
It said in an audio recording carried by Mauritanian news agency Al-Akbar the operation was carried out "to avenge our prophet against the unbelieving West which has insulted and mocked him".
As the investigation got under way, the UN's MINUSMA peacekeeping force said one of its troops and two civilians had been killed by shelling its barracks in the northeastern rebel stronghold of Kidal.
MINUSMA sources said the civilians were members of the nomadic Arab Kunta tribe who died as stray rockets landed at their nearby encampment.
It was not immediately clear who was behind the attack, although the Kidal is the cradle of northern Mali's Tuareg separatist movement, which has launched several uprisings from the region since the 1960s.
Tuareg and Arab militias -- loyalist and anti-government -- have forged a peace agreement with the Malian government formulated earlier this month in Algiers, but the main rebel groups are yet to sign.
"MINUSMA expresses its indignation at the cowardice of the perpetrators of these attacks, which also killed innocent citizens," the force said in a statement.
"MINUSMA strongly condemns these heinous acts of terror whose sole purpose is to thwart all ongoing efforts to establish lasting peace in Mali."
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and other jihadist groups also carry out operations in the area, including the 2013 murders of French journalists Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlon
|France Says It Has 'Neutralized' 200 Jihadists in Sahel|
"There have been many operations, nearly 200 have been neutralized in a year, around 50 since August" when launched a massive counter-terrorism operation across five nations in the semi-arid Sahel, Le Drian told French radio and television.
In separate comments to Jeune Afrique magazine in an interview to appear Monday, he said some important leaders were among those killed or captured, mostly in Mali and Niger.
In what was seen as a massive blow to Islamist fighters, the French army on Thursday said it had killed Ahmed el Tilemsi, the Malian leader of the notorious Algerian jihadist Mokhtar Belmokhtar's Al-Murabitoun group.
The French military in 2013 routed radical Islamist groups who had seized large swathes of northern Mali, and in August this year launched Operation Barkhane as part of a wider counter-terrorism operation.
A total of 3,000 troops are now taking part in the operation across Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Chad, to track and combat Islamist with fighter aircraft, helicopters and drones.
They are currently building an advance base close to the Libyan border in the north of Niger.
Le Drian said that the south of Libya had become a hub for jihadists operating in the region.
"Southern Libya has become a place of recovery, a petrol station, a place of rest, re-organization and training for a number of terrorist groups," he said in the interview broadcast on Radio Internationale and TV5 Monde.
"The hunt for always leads to the Libyan border. The country is in chaos."
"The international community must take the necessary steps with the countries concerned," Le Drian said, not ruling out military action there.
But first there would have to be a political solution in Libya, he said, with the country torn apart by a war between two rival governments. "That will come about through the pacification of the whole of Libya."
|U.S.-Wanted Jihadist Killed in Mali Operation|
|[AnNahar] The French army said Thursday it had killed the commander of a major West African jihadist group's branch in Mali in an operation in the north of the country.|
Ahmed el Tilemsi was the emir of the Al-Murabitoun group in Mali and was earlier this year declared a "specially designated global terrorist" by the U.S. State Department, who offered a $5 million reward (four million euros) for information leading to his capture.
"Last night... French forces conducted an operation in the Gao region (of northern Mali) in coordination with Malian authorities," army Gilles Jaron said, adding that Tilemsi had been killed.
"We've really hit Al-Murabitoun hard," said Jaron.
Tilemsi has a long history with jihadist groups operating in the , having been a member of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) before becoming one of the founding members of the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), a splinter group aimed at spreading jihad throughout the region.
MUJAO was one of a number of Islamist groups that occupied northern Mali last year, imposing a brutal interpretation of Islamic sharia law characterised by amputations, beatings and executions, before being ousted by the French-led military intervention.
In August 2013, it merged with a group run by notorious Algerian jihadist Mokhtar Belmokhtar to form Al-Murabitoun, which loosely translates as "the guardians" and claimed to seek on for its actions in Mali.
The one-eyed Islamist Belmokhtar split from AQIM in 2013 to form his own group and ed a deadly raid against Algeria's In Amenas gas plant in which 38 hostages were killed in a four-day siege.
Tilemsi "was a very valuable target. We had been tracking him for several days," a government source told Agence Presse.
The source said Tilemsi was one of the s of the kidnapping of Gilberto Rodrigues Leal, who MUJAO claimed to have killed last April.
According to the U.S. State Department, Tilemsi also played a role in the kidnapping of two in Niamey in January 2011 while part of AQIM. The hostages were later found dead after a failed rescue attempt by the French military.
Tilemsi also took part in the October 2011 kidnapping of three aid workers in Algeria, which left two by gunfire, the State Department said.
|UAE blacklists 82 groups as 'terrorist'|
|[ENGLISH.ALARABIYA.NET] The government of the United Arab Emirates formally endorsed on Saturday the designation of 82 organizations, including Egyptâs Muslim Brotherhood and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), as terror groups, in line with a federal law on combating terrorism.|
The list, published by the countryâs state-run WAM news agency, includes the Muslim Brotherhood, the groupâs local and regional affiliates, as well as Al-Qaeda-linked groups operating in different parts of the region.
Several brigades fighting on both sides in the Syrian conflict along with Islamist groups in Libya, Tunisia, Mali, Pakistan, Nigeriaâs Boko Haram as well as Afghanistan's Taliban account for the bulk of the list.
Shiite militants groups also figure in the list, including Shiite Hezbollah in the Gulf states and brigades with the same name in Iraq. Lebanonâs Iranian backed Hezbollah was not blacklisted.
In late August, UAE President Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al-Nahayan enacted federal law number 7, which mandated the list to be published and circulated by the media to further âtransparencyâ and âincrease awarenessâ of terrorist threats.
The move follows a similar step taken by Saudi Arabia in March.
The groups blacklisted by the UAE were as follows:
1- UAEâs Muslim Brotherhood called Al-Islah
2- UAE terrorist cells
3- Karama organization
4- Uma Parties in the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula
Finally got around to it...
6- Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)
They prefer to be known as The Islamic State or as The Caliphate...
7- Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)
Formerly the aden-Abyan Islamic Army plus the Lions of the Arabian Peninsula
8- Yemenâs Ansar al-Sharia
... which sez they're not an al-Qaeda affiliate, otherwise they're indistinguishable from al-Qaeda.
9- Muslim Brotherhood, both the organization and movement
I don't think the Moslem Brü can properly be called a terrorist organization; it's more a subversive organization. We saw what happened when they achieved power in Egypt: one man, one vote, one time. Their belief that Islam is the Answer, regardless of the question makes them look foolish, but they are Moslems and they behave like Moslems do when they can't get their way.
10- Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiyya in Egypt
Zawahiri used to be the head of Gamaa al-Islamiya. I think they swore to non-violence to get their members out of jail.
11- Bait al-Maqdis group in Egypt
Formerly just al-Qaeda in the Sinai Peninsula, now sworn to the Islamic State
12- Ajnad Misr (Soldiers of Egypt group)
I think we've seen these guys once or maybe twice.
13- Majlis Shura Al-Mujahedin Fi Aknaf Bayt Al-Maqdis (Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem, or MSC)
14- Yemenâs Houthi movement
Aligned with Iran and with former President-for-Life Saleh.
15- Hezbollah party in Saudi Arabiaâs Hijaz
16- Hezbollah in the Gulf region
17- Al-Qaeda in Iran
I believe this is the "protected" al-Qaeda that the Medes and the Persians keep on a tight leash. If I had a bunch of money I'd do some intensive investigation on this group.
18- Badr organization in Iraq
19- Asaâib Ahl al-Haq, also known as the Khazali Network in Iraq
20- Fath al-Islam in Lebanon
This is our old friend, Fateh al-Islam. Probably they've been folded into al-Nusra or the Caliphate by now.
21- Osbat Al-Ansar or Asbat an-Ansar (League of the Partisans) in Lebanon
I believe Usbat al-Ansar lives in Ein al-Hellhole. They're the place to go when you're on the run. Every once in awhile they shoot one of the local Fatah muckety-mucks.
22- Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)
I think AQIM has lost a lot: their debacle in Mali, the ego versus ego contest between Mokhtar versus Droukdel, and the fact that half of them have pledged to the Islamic State.
23- Ansar Al-Sharia in Libya
24- Ansar Al-Sharia in Tunisia
25- Al-Shabab in Somalia
26- Boko Haram in Nigeria
27- Al-Murabitoon brigade in Mali
That's Mokhtar Belmokhtar's mob...
28- Ansar Al-Din movement in Mali
29- Haqani network in Pakistan
30- Lashkar Taiba in Pakistan
31- Eastern Turkestan Islamic Movement headquartered in Pakistan
32- Mohammed Army in Pakistan
33- Mohammed Army in India
34- Indian mujahideen in India/Kashmir
35- The Caucasus Emirate by Chechen militants
36- Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
37- Abu Sayyaf Islamist group in the Philippines
38- Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)
Nailed that one. Not a terrorist organization, but fellow travelers.
39- Alleanza Islamic d'Italia or Islamic Alliance in Italy
40- Islamic Association in Finland
41- Islamic Association in Norway
42- Islamic Relief Organization in the UK
43- The Cordoba Foundation in Britain
44- International Islamic Relief Organization belonging to the international Muslim Brotherhood
I think that's the one headed by bin Laden's brother-in-law or son-in-law...
45- Taliban movement in Pakistan
46- Abu Thur al-Fiqari battalion in Syria
47- Al-Tawheed and Iman battalion in Syria
48- The Green Battalion or Al-Khadraa battalion in Syria
49- Al-Tawhid Brigade in Syria
50- Abu Bakr brigade in Syria
51- Talha bin Ubaidallah in Syria
52- Al-Sarim Al-Batar brigade in Syria
53- Abdullah bin Mubarak brigade in Syria
54- Convoys of Martyrs brigade in Syria
55- Abu Omar brigade in Syria
56- Ahrar Shumar or Free Shumars brigade in Syria
57- Hezbollah brigades in Iraq
58- Brigade of Abu Al-Fadl al-Abbas in Syria
59- Brigades of Al-Yom Al-Mawood (Destined Day in Iraq)
60- Battalion of Omar bin Yasir in Syria
61- Ansar Al-Islam group in Iraq
62- Nusra Front in Syira
63- Harakat Ahrar ash-Sham Al Islami (Islamic Movement of the Free Men of the Levant) in Syria
64- Jaish Al-Islam (Islam Army) in Palestine
65- Abdullah Azzam Brigades
I think they're being or have been absorbed by al-Nusra.
66- Kanvaz in Belgrade, Serbia
67- The Muslim American Society (MAS)
68- Union of Muslim Scholars
69- Union of Islamic Organizations in Europe
70- Union of Islamic Organizations of France
71- Muslim Association of Britain (MAB)
72- Islamic Society of Germany
73- Islamic Society in Denmark
74- Islamic Society in Belgium
75- Sariyat Al-Jabal brigade in Syria
76- Al-Shahbaa brigade in Syria
77- Al-QaâQaaâ in Syria
78- Sufian Al-Thawri (Revolutionary Sufian brigade) in Syria
79- Abdulraham brigade in Syria
80- Omar bin Al-Khatab brigade in Syria
81- Al-Shayma brigade in Syria
82- Al-Haq brigade in Syria
|Former Al Qaeda Group Swears Fealty To ISIS In North Africa|
|[Ynet] Algeria's Caliphate Soldiers led by Khaled Abu Suleimane break from al Qaeda, join ISIS; significant attacks considered unlikely.|
A new calling itself the Caliphate Soldiers in Algeria has split from al Qaeda's North African branch and sworn loyalty to the radical breakaway group Islamic State fighting in Syria and Iraq.
A breakaway of key Algerian commanders from al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, known as AQIM, would show deepening rivalry between al Qaeda's core command and the Islamic State over leadership of the transnational Islamist militancy.
In a communiqué, AQIM central region commander Khaled Abu Suleimane, whose real name is Gouri Abdelmalik, claimed leadership of the new group, joined by an AQIM commander of an eastern region in Algeria, where the al Qaeda wing has its base.
"You have in the Islamic Maghreb men if you order them they will obey you," Suleimane said in reference to , the leader of the Islamic State. "The Maghreb has deviated from the true path."
The communiqué was posted on jihadi websites. Algerian officials did not immediately comment on the statement.
The Algeria splinter group is the latest to side with Baghdadi over al Qaeda's aging chieftain Ayman al-Zawahri, as the Islamic State appeals to younger with successes in gaining territory in Iraq and Syria.
Baghdadi, who has declared himself "Caliph" or head of state, fell out with al Qaeda in 2013 over its expansion into Syria, where his followers carried out beheadings, crucifixions, and mass executions.
For some s, Islamic State's creation of a jihadi bastion spanning western Iraq and eastern Syria, and its strong online presence, compare with al Qaeda's failure for almost a decade to carry out a major attack in the West.
North African jihadists
Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb is just one of the fractured groups operating in North Africa, which has been a source of thousands of young fighters travelling from Libya, Tunisia and Morocco to Syria and Iraq.
Algeria, which itself recovered from a decade of conflict against its own Islamist fighters during which some 200,000 people died, is a strong US ally in its fight against in the region.
But experts said the announcement will likely not have a major operational impact on the ground as AQIM has been focused on the rather than OPEC member Algeria. Attacks are rarer now in Algeria though still have potential.
"The new group will try hard to make some noise, but it will be very difficult to execute big terrorist actions as Algerian security forces have knocked out most of the s in Algeria," local security analyst Anis Rahmani said.
But it may appeal to new Islamist recruits in the Maghreb seeking to fight in Syria and Iraq, where Baghdadi's forces now control large swaths of territory and towns.
The newly created "Caliphate Soldiers" or "Jound al Khilafa fi Ard al Jazayer" is the second group to break with AQIM, the first one being Mokhtar Belmokhtar's group "Those who sign in Blood" who observers say are likely based now in southern Libya.
Belmokhtar, a veteran Algerian and former al Qaeda commander, was blamed for ing the attack on Algeria's In Amenas gas plant in early 2013, in which 40 oil workers, most of them foreigners, were killed after a four-day siege.
|'Butcher of Gao' in custody|
|[MAGHAREBIA] A in the Movement for Tawhid and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), known as the "Butcher of Gao" for his harsh application of Sharia law, was Monday (July 28th).|
Yoro Ould Daha was apprehended by French forces in Gao, northern Mali. He stands accused of participating in an attack on a French military convoy on July 14th, which left one soldier dead.
Ould Daha is around forty and of Arab decent, RFI reported. A direct ally to the Signed in Blood group of terrorist Mokhtar Belmokhtar (aka "Laaouar"), he headed up the Islamist police in Gao in 2012.
He soon made a reputation for himself in northern Mali for cutting off the hands of many citizens under the pretext of implementing Sharia. His actions caused panic among the population.
But before his involvement with MUJAO, Ould Daha was a simple food merchant, MaliJet reported. He joined the armed movement at its inception.
"Yoro Ould Daha was the most feared one during the rule of MUJAO," said Anara Ag Ali, a young Gao activist. "He had no pity, mercy, or compassion in his heart, especially when he flogged people or cut off their hands."
"I've seen him several times walking around in the streets and people in Gao avoided confronting him," Ag Ali told Magharebia.
"He disappeared when French troops entered the city, and now we feel great joy for his arrest and seek to take on him through the justice system," he added.
Ould Daha was one of the three main characters in Gao during the rule of the terrorist groups, Maliweb reported.
"The arrest of high-level could lead to important information on other dangerous elements, including Laaouar, who is the main partner for MUJAO," analyst Sid Ahmed Ould Ibrahim told Magharebia.
Laaouar has had extensive ties with the Arabs of northern Mali for a number of years, recruiting many local youths into the ranks of his fighters, Ould Ibrahim added. The Algerian even married a woman from the Arabs of northern Mali.
The alliance that the terrorist wove with the MUJAO and its many Arabs from the region was based on trust, the security analyst said.
|Belmokhtar threat remains|
|[MAGHAREBIA] A new terror claim shows that Mokhtar Belmokhtar still threatens the Sahel.|
"One member managed to storm a site of the invading French forces using a and to blow it up in al-Moustarat," a for Belmokhtar's terrorist organization said in an audio tape published by Mauritania's al-Akhbar on July 16th.
|Belmokhtar group claims Mali attack|
|[MAGHAREBIA] The Mokhtar Belmokhtar's El Moulethemoune brigade and MUJAO.terror group for the suicide car earlier this week in northern Mali that left one French soldier dead and six injured, Al Akhbar reported on Thursday (July 17th). The "Mourabitounes" were created last August as a merger between|